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Human Genetic Variation Influences Alcohol’s Sedating and Stimulating

Although estimates vary, scientists believe that 50 to 64 percent of the risk of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is inherited. One way to identify this risk is through a person’s subjective response to alcohol. This study investigated the effects of...
8-Nov-2017 5:05 PM EST Add to Favorites

Energy Drinks Influence Alcohol-Induced Body Imbalance

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Heavy drinking impairs balance and motor coordination, which is why increased body sway is a useful indicator to both police and bartenders that a person may be intoxicated. People often drink alcohol at the same time that they ingest stimulant...
3-Nov-2017 4:05 PM EDT Add to Favorites

Drinking During Adolescence and Young Adulthood: Taboo, Tolerated, and Treasured

The etiology (i.e., underlying causes) of a behavior, such as alcohol drinking, can change during adolescence and young adulthood. Prior alcohol research has shown that, in general: shared/common environment influences are strongest in early...
25-Oct-2017 6:05 PM EDT Add to Favorites

Early Age of Drinking Leads to Neurocognitive and Neuropsychological Damage

Although drinking by U.S. adolescents has decreased during the last decade, more than 20 percent of U.S. high-school students continue to drink alcohol before the age of 14 years. This can have adverse effects on their neurodevelopment. For example,...
25-Oct-2017 6:05 PM EDT Add to Favorites

A Lower Blood Alcohol Concentration Limit of .05 Could Save 1,790 Lives Per Year in the United States

In every U.S. state, it is illegal for adults to drive with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08 grams per deciliter (g/dL) or greater. In 2013, the National Transportation Safety Board recommended that states lower the BAC limit for driving...
19-Oct-2017 7:05 PM EDT Add to Favorites

Genetic Influences on the Brain’s Reward and Stress Systems Underlie Co-Occurring Alcohol Use Disorder and Chronic Pain

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) often co-occurs with chronic pain (CP), yet the relationship between the two is complex – involving genetic, neurophysiological, and behavioral elements – and is poorly understood. This review addressed the genetic...
16-Oct-2017 6:05 PM EDT Add to Favorites

Spit for Science: When “N’s” Are More than Human Guinea Pigs

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Sometimes scientists do not see the value of sharing their knowledge and expertise with non-scientists and members of the public may believe that researchers enjoy a rarefied existence. This critical review addresses the important, yet limited gap...
11-Oct-2017 10:05 AM EDT Add to Favorites

Beer Brands Popular Among Youth Contravene Industry’s Voluntary Advertising Code

Although alcohol is a legal substance for adults age 21 or older, it is the leading illicit substance used by underage American youth. Prior research has shown that youth exposed to alcohol advertisements have a greater risk of drinking....
30-Sep-2017 12:05 PM EDT Add to Favorites

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