Sunday 27-May-2018

Recent Research

Smart Windows, New Magnetic Element, Tracking Internet Devices, and More in the Engineering News Source

The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source

– Newswise|2018-05-26

How Do You Get Teens to Stop Cellphone Use While Driving? Survey Says, Show Them The Money

Teens who admit to texting while driving may be convinced to reduce risky cellphone use behind the wheel when presented with financial incentives such as auto-insurance apps that monitor driving behavior, according to a new survey conducted by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). However, while more than 90 percent of teens surveyed said they were willing to give up sending or reading text messages, almost half indicated that they would want to retain some control over phone functions such as music and navigation.

–Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania |2018-04-23

CMI Expands Research in Tech Metals as Rapid Growth in Electric Vehicles Drives Demand for Lithium, Cobalt


As increasing consumer interest in electric vehicles drives the demand for supplies of lithium and cobalt (ingredients in lithium-ion batteries), the Critical Materials Institute will begin new efforts this July to maximize the efficient processing, use, and recycling of those elements.

–Ames Laboratory|2018-04-11

Long-Overdue VW Shakeup Is First Step to Tune Up

–Cornell University|2018-04-10

After Uber, Tesla Incidents, Can Artificial Intelligence Be Trusted?

Given the choice of riding in an Uber driven by a human or a self-driving version, which would you choose? Following last month’s fatal crash of a self-driving Uber that took the life of a woman in Tempe, Arizona, and the recent death of a test-driver of a semi-autonomous vehicle being developed by Tesla, peoples’ trust in the technology behind autonomous vehicles may also have taken a hit.

–Missouri University of Science and Technology|2018-04-10

Fleet of Automated Electric Taxis Could Deliver Environmental and Energy Benefits


Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and UC Berkeley decided to analyze the cost, energy, and environmental implications of a fleet of self-driving electric vehicles operating in Manhattan. They found that shared automated electric vehicles, or SAEVs, could get the job done at a lower cost – by an order of magnitude – than present-day taxis while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption.

–Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory|2018-03-28

Future Electric Cars Could Recharge Wirelessly While You Drive

Electric vehicles may one day be able to recharge while driving down the highway, drawing wireless power directly from plates installed in the road that would make it possible to drive hundreds—if not thousands—of miles without having to plug in.

–University of Colorado Boulder|2018-03-27

Autonomous Vehicles Traveling the Wrong Road to Safety, Computer Science Engineer Says


“As long as human behaviors are the foundation of automated driving technology, safety will continue to be an issue.” -- Aviral Shrivastava, ASU computer science assistant professor.

–Arizona State University (ASU)|2018-03-27

Two ASU Experts Weigh in on the Future of Self-Driving Cars, in Light of Fatal Accident


–Arizona State University (ASU)|2018-03-21

Smoked Foods Are Tastier, Less Harmful with a Tip From the Auto Industry

Infusing foods with smoke can impart delicious nuanced flavors, but could also come with an unwelcome side of carcinogens. To reduce the carcinogen content of smoked foods, researchers took a lesson from the automobile industry, running the smoke through a zeolite filter to remove harmful compounds. It worked, and with a happy bonus: superior smoke flavor.

–American Chemical Society (ACS)|2018-03-20

Empa Shows "Gas Station of the Future"


What could a "gas station of the future" look like? What services does it offer? Which fuels can be refueled there and where do they come from? Possible answers to these questions can be found at the stand of the of Swiss Oil Industry Association (Erdöl-Vereinigung) at the Geneva Motor Show. The stand in Hall 6 is run in cooperation with Empa and Hyundai.

–Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology|2018-02-22

Perspective on Fuel Cells

In a new Perspective article, published in the Journal of The Electrochemical Society, researchers are aiming to tackle a fundamental debate in key reactions behind fuel cells and hydrogen production, which, if solved, could significantly bolster clean energy technologies.

–The Electrochemical Society|2018-02-14

Diesel Vehicles in Oil Sands Operations Contribute to Regional Pollution

Wildfires, cigarette smoking and vehicles all emit a potentially harmful compound called isocyanic acid. The substance has been linked to several health conditions, including heart disease and cataracts. Scientists investigating sources of the compound have now identified off-road diesel vehicles in oil sands production in Alberta, Canada, as a major contributor to regional levels of the pollutant. Their report appears in ACS’ journal Environmental Science & Technology.

–American Chemical Society (ACS)|2017-12-06

Hearing Hybrid and Electric Vehicles While Quieting Noise Pollution

Low-emission vehicles are considered too quiet for hearing-impaired pedestrians, so the European Union is mandating that they be equipped with acoustic vehicle alerting systems. With these alert systems would come a marked increase in the amount of noise on the roads across Europe. During the 174th ASA Meeting, Dec. 4-8, 2017, in New Orleans, researchers will present their work assessing the effectiveness of acoustic vehicle alerting systems and their downsides.

–Acoustical Society of America (ASA)|2017-12-05

New Device Boosts Road Time for Tesla, Leaf Drivers


Both batteries could work about 50 percent longer with a device provisionally patented by Vanderbilt University engineers.

–Vanderbilt University|2017-11-20

Tesla’s Electric ‘Semi Truck’ Signals Future, but Risks Straining Company Resources

–Cornell University|2017-11-16

Uber's Flying Taxis: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Prof Can Speak to the Media About Uber's Big Plans

–Case Western Reserve University|2017-11-08

Closing the Rural Health Gap: Media Update from RWJF and Partners on Rural Health Disparities


Rural counties continue to rank lowest among counties across the U.S., in terms of health outcomes. A group of national organizations including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National 4-H Council are leading the way to close the rural health gap.

– Newswise|2017-11-08

Closing the Gap: Argonne, Partners Putting Charge Into EV Battery Technology


Argonne researchers are partnering with Idaho National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory to identify and fill gaps hindering the commercialization of extreme fast charging — for electric vehicles that can be charged in minutes instead of hours.

–Argonne National Laboratory|2017-11-07

Partnership Lays Groundwork for Self-Driving Vehicles

Advanced technology used to make traveling safer and more efficient is the focus of a new project led by The University of Alabama and the Alabama Department of Transportation.

–University of Alabama|2017-10-25

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