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    The DOE Science News Source is a Newswise initiative to promote research news from the Office of Science of the DOE to the public and news media.
    • 2019-08-15 11:40:22
    • Article ID: 717523

    DOE to Provide $27.6 Million for Data Science Research in Chemical and Materials Sciences

    Efforts will Harness Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $27.6 million in funding over the next three years for targeted research in data science to accelerate discovery in chemistry and material sciences.   The 19 awards—14 to universities and 5 to DOE national laboratories—will advance the application of modern data science techniques such as artificial intelligence and machine learning to develop new materials and chemical processes.

    “The rapid evolution of artificial intelligence, machine learning, and other data science techniques is creating new opportunities for advances in chemistry and material sciences,” said U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry.  “This research promises to yield important discoveries relevant to energy and a range of other technologies, while keeping America in the forefront of data science applications.”

    Research will focus on developing a predictive understanding of materials and chemical properties and processes.  It is expected to lead to the development of new catalysts, alloys, superconductors, and methods of chemical separation and materials synthesis, among other advances, with important potential impact on energy production, delivery, and use.

    Awards were selected based on competitive peer review under a DOE Funding Opportunity Announcement and companion announcement for DOE laboratories, both titled, “Data Science for Discovery in Chemical and Materials Sciences,” and sponsored by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences within the Department’s Office of Science.

    Funding for Fiscal Year 2019 totals $16.5 million, with outyear funding contingent on congressional appropriations.  A list of awards can be found here.

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    Today's forecast: How to predict crucial plasma pressure in future fusion facilities

    Today's forecast: How to predict crucial plasma pressure in future fusion facilities

    Feature describes improved model for forecasting the crucial balance of pressure at the edge of a fusion plasma.

    Science Snapshots: messenger proteins, new TB drug, artificial photosynthesis

    Science Snapshots: messenger proteins, new TB drug, artificial photosynthesis

    Science Snapshots: messenger proteins, new TB drug, artificial photosynthesis

    Plastics, Fuels and Chemical Feedstocks From CO2? They're Working on It

    Plastics, Fuels and Chemical Feedstocks From CO2? They're Working on It

    Four SUNCAT scientists describe recent research results related to the quest to capture CO2 from the smokestacks of factories and power plants and use renewable energy to turn it into industrial feedstocks and fuels.

    Getting a look under the hood of topological insulators

    Getting a look under the hood of topological insulators

    Because of topological insulators' unique electronic properties and their potential use in spintronic devices and even conceivably as transistors for quantum computers, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory investigated the dynamics of the conducting surface electrons in these materials.

    New Investigation Cuts Through the Haze Surrounding "Smoke-Free" Tobacco Products

    New Investigation Cuts Through the Haze Surrounding "Smoke-Free" Tobacco Products

    Marketed as a healthier alternative to cigarettes, a new class of tobacco products called heat-not-burn devices is quickly gaining in popularity across the globe. A study by Berkeley Lab's Indoor Environment Group shows that

    Scientists couple magnetization to superconductivity for quantum discoveries

    Scientists couple magnetization to superconductivity for quantum discoveries

    In a recent study, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have created a miniaturized chip-based superconducting circuit that couples quantum waves of magnetic spins called magnons to photons of equivalent energy.

    Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2019

    Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2019

    ORNL story tips: ORNL's project for VA bridges computing prowess, VA health data to speed up suicide risk screenings for U.S. veterans; ORNL reveals ionic liquid additive lubricates better than additives in commercial gear oil; researchers use neutron scattering to probe colorful new material that could improve sensors, vivid displays; unique 3D printing approach adds more strength, toughness in certain materials.

    Study Reveals 'Radical' Wrinkle in Forming Complex Carbon Molecules in Space

    Study Reveals 'Radical' Wrinkle in Forming Complex Carbon Molecules in Space

    A team of scientists has discovered a new possible pathway toward forming carbon structures in space using a specialized chemical exploration technique at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source.

    SMART Algorithm Makes Beamline Data Collection Smarter

    SMART Algorithm Makes Beamline Data Collection Smarter

    Researchers in Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Center for Advanced Mathematics for Energy Research Applications have been working with beamline scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory to develop and test SMART, a mathematical method that enables autonomous experimental decision making without human interaction.

    The Chemistry of Art: Scientists Explore Aged Paint in Microscopic Detail to Inform Preservation Efforts

    The Chemistry of Art: Scientists Explore Aged Paint in Microscopic Detail to Inform Preservation Efforts

    To learn more about the chemical processes in oil paints that can damage aging artwork, a team led by researchers at the National Gallery of Art and the National Institute of Standards and Technology conducted a range of studies that included 3D X-ray imaging of a paint sample at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source.


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    New $100M Innovation Hub to Accelerate R&D for a Secure Water Future

    New $100M Innovation Hub to Accelerate R&D for a Secure Water Future

    The National Alliance for Water Innovation, which is led by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), has been awarded a five-year, $100-million Energy-Water Desalination Hub by DOE (pending appropriations) to address water security issues in the United States. The Hub will focus on early-stage research and development for energy-efficient and cost-competitive desalination technologies and for treating nontraditional water sources for various end uses.

    Super Computing

    Super Computing

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL) is building the Frontier supercomputer and eight teams of scientists have been chosen by the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) to develop applications for the new machine. One of them will be led by UD's Sunita Chandrasekaran, an assistant professor of computer and information sciences.

    DOE awards Argonne $4.15 million for research in quantum computing and networking

    DOE awards Argonne $4.15 million for research in quantum computing and networking

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has recently awarded Argonne National Laboratory a total of $4.15 million for research in quantum computing and networking as part of the 2019 Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Quantum Computing and Quantum Network Awards. The awards will fund three multi-year projects aimed at securing the nation's leadership in the field of quantum information science.

    Argonne organization's scholarship fund blazes STEM pathway

    Argonne organization's scholarship fund blazes STEM pathway

    In the past 10 years, Argonne's Hispanic/Latino club has awarded more than $35,000 in education funds to area youth. In 2015, Noemy Escamilla was one of those recipients. Escamilla was awarded a summer 2019 internship, and serendipitously chosen to work alongside the very people who chose her for the scholarship years before.

    ESnet a Key Partner on Project to Build Novel Network Research Infrastructure

    ESnet a Key Partner on Project to Build Novel Network Research Infrastructure

    Berkeley Lab's ESnet is one of five organizations leading an effort to create a nationwide research infrastructure that will enable the computer science and networking community to develop and test novel architectures that could yield a faster, more secure internet.

    New round of DOE awards bolsters quantum information science at SLAC

    New round of DOE awards bolsters quantum information science at SLAC

    Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have received two DOE awards to explore how quantum information can be passed from one quantum device to another. The goal: develop ways to link quantum devices into quantum computing networks that are much more powerful than today's technology and into innovative photon detectors that could open up new areas of research, such as novel searches for dark matter.

    DOE awards ORNL researchers more than $11 million to advance quantum technologies

    DOE awards ORNL researchers more than $11 million to advance quantum technologies

    Three researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory will lead or participate in collaborative research projects aimed at harnessing the power of quantum mechanics to advance a range of technologies including computing, fiber optics and network communication.

    Volker Burkert Named Virginia Outstanding Scientist

    Volker Burkert Named Virginia Outstanding Scientist

    Volker Burkert has been named a Virginia Outstanding Scientist for 2019.

    Brookhaven Lab, Suffolk Girl Scouts Launch Patch Program

    Brookhaven Lab, Suffolk Girl Scouts Launch Patch Program

    UPTON, NY--The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory has collaborated with the Girl Scouts of Suffolk County to organize a new patch program that encourages Girl Scouts of all ages to delve into the world of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Starting today, Suffolk County Girl Scouts can earn three new Brookhaven Lab patches.

    Chain Reaction Innovations announces expanded call for applications to join its 4th Cohort of innovators at Argonne

    Chain Reaction Innovations announces expanded call for applications to join its 4th Cohort of innovators at Argonne

    Chain Reaction Innovations, the entrepreneurship program at Argonne National Laboratory, is expanding beyond advanced manufacturing and now open to any technology area that can be accelerated to market by leveraging resources available at Argonne.


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    Microbial Evolution: Nature Leads, Nurture Supports

    Microbial Evolution: Nature Leads, Nurture Supports

    Based on an extensive study across environments, from mixed conifer forest to high-desert grassland, the team suggests that microbes aren't so different from larger, more complex forms of life. That is, in determining species traits, nature takes the lead, while nurture plays a supporting role.

    Building a Scale to Weigh Superheavy Elements

    Building a Scale to Weigh Superheavy Elements

    Scientists made the first direct, definitive measurement of the weight, also known as the mass number, for two superheavy nuclei.

    Survey Delivers on Dark Energy with Multiple Probes

    Survey Delivers on Dark Energy with Multiple Probes

    The Dark Energy Survey has combined its four primary cosmological probes for the first time in order to constrain the properties of dark energy.

    Crossing the Great Divide Between Model Studies and Applied Reactors in Catalysis

    Crossing the Great Divide Between Model Studies and Applied Reactors in Catalysis

    A team devised a way to bridge the gap between two extremes. Using their approach, they can predict catalyst performance across a wider range of temperatures and pressures.

    Tiny, Sugar-Coated Sheets Selectively Target Pathogens

    Tiny, Sugar-Coated Sheets Selectively Target Pathogens

    Researchers developed molecular flypaper that recognizes and traps viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens.

    Getting Metal Under Graphite's Skin

    Getting Metal Under Graphite's Skin

    Some metals need to be protected from the atmosphere. Exposure leads to damage that ruins their unique properties. Controllably forming metal islands just under the surface of graphite protects the metals. This allows these metals to take on new roles in ultrafast quantum computers. It also means new roles in magnetic, catalytic, or plasmonic materials.

    Atomically Packed Boundaries Resist Cracking

    Atomically Packed Boundaries Resist Cracking

    Scientists devised specialized X-ray mapping techniques. They determined that boundaries associated with regions where atoms are closely packed together most readily resist cracking. This analysis revealed that when a crack encounters such a boundary, it's deflected to a less direct path and crack growth is slowed.

    End-run Spreads Lithium Throughout Battery Electrodes

    End-run Spreads Lithium Throughout Battery Electrodes

    Scientists used chemically sensitive X-ray microscopy to map lithium transport during battery operation.

    Knowledgebase Is Power for Nuclear Reactor Developers

    Knowledgebase Is Power for Nuclear Reactor Developers

    Six new nuclear reactor technologies are planned to commercially deploy between 2030 and 2040. ORNL's Weiju Ren heads a project managing structural materials information. This conversation explores challenges and opportunities in sharing nuclear materials knowledge internationally.

    Excited Atoms Rush Independently to New Positions

    Excited Atoms Rush Independently to New Positions

    How atoms react to a sudden burst of light shows scientists how the larger material might act in sensors, data storage devices, and more.


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