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Medicine

Genomic Data Analysis, Bioinformatics, Drug Discovery, High Throughput

Paracel Announces The World's Fastest Computer for Drug Discovery

Paracel Inc. today announced a new class of scientific computing for drug discovery that accelerates the analysis of genes that cause disease by as much as 1,000 times over traditional computing alternatives. The GeneMatcherô computer system will be introduced at the Ninth Genome Sequencing and Analysis Conference, Hilton Head, S.C., Sept. 13-16. Embargoed: Sept. 13

Medicine

Codeine, Enzymes, Genetics, Ethnicity

Enzymes,Ethnicity Create Dramatic Differences In Codeine's Effectiveness In Humans

The pain-relieving drug codeine is totally ineffective in some ethnic groups -- including one in ten whites -- according to new findings presented here today at a national meeting of the American Chemical Society. The report shows a variety of differences in the drug's effectiveness and side effects, based on a person's ethnicity. Embargoed for 9-8-97, 7:00 PM EDT

Medicine

Heart Health, Peanuts, Cholesterol

Move Over, Red Wine: Peanuts Contain Heart-Healthy Compounds

You've heard that small doses of red wine may be good for your health. Now, United States Department of Agriculture scientists say that peanuts may contain the heart- healthy chemical compound --resveratrol -- important in red wine. The latest findings that edible peanuts also contain resveratrol were presented here today at a national meeting of the American Chemical Society. Embargoed for 9-8-97, 11PM EDT

Medicine

Dental, and, Chronic, Infections, Double, risk, Brain, Attack

Dental health, chronic infections double brain attack risk

Dental infections and other chronic infections such as bronchitis more than double the risk of having a stroke or "brain attack," according to a study by German researchers reported in today's American Heart Association journal Stroke.

Medicine

Purdue, Cancer, Medical, Health, Chemistry, Pawpaw, Tumor

Pawpaw Shows Promise In Fighting Drug-Resistant Tumors

A Purdue University researcher has found compounds in the bark of the pawpaw tree that have shown some success in fighting drug-resistant cancers. Details will be presented Thursday, Sept. 11 at the American Chemical Society national meeting in Las Vegas.

Medicine

Candida, Fungal, Infection, AIDS, Infectious, Disease, Yeast, Treatment

Discovery of Genetic Pathways May Provide New Ways to Combat Candida Infections

A new study has uncovered the genetic wiring diagram underlying the infectiousness of Candida albicans, a fungus that causes thrush in babies, vaginal infections in women, and life-threatening infections in chemotherapy and AIDS patients. The study, led by Dr. Gerald R. Fink, Director of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, reveals that one key to Candidaís infectiousness lies in its ability to switch from a rounded form to filamentous forms. When the wiring diagram underlying this switch is inactivated, Candida infections are no longer deadly in mice.

Medicine

Dystonia, Genetics, Genetics, Neurology

Gene Found for Crippling Neurologic Disorder

A research team led by investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has identified and cloned the gene responsible for early-onset dystonia, a crippling, inherited neurological disorder that begins in childhood. The discovery, announced in the September issue of Nature Genetics, is the culmination of more than 15 years of work and contains important clues that could lead to better understanding of the disease and possible preventive treatments.

Medicine

Chagas'disease, Tropical, Parasites, Heart

Heart problems in victims of tropical disease may not be caused by autoimmune rejection; new treatment indicated

New evidence by scientists from the University of Georgia indicates that victims of a common tropical disease may be receiving inadequate treatment because of a major misunderstanding of how the illness progresses.

Medicine

Vitamins, Heart Disease, Cardiology, Prevention

Doctors Take Antioxidant Vitamins

More doctors take antioxidant supplements than take aspirin as a way to prevent heart attacks according to a study published in the June American Journal of Cardiology. While numerous studies have shown aspirin to be highly effective in preventing heart disease, 42 percent of cardiologists interviewed take aspirin and 44 percent take vitamin E, vitamin C, or beta carotene, alone or in combination.

Medicine

Smokers, quit, Smoking, Shiffman, Tobacco, Cessation, Nicotine, Beijing

New Study Shows Personalized Program Increases Smoker's Success In Quitting

Results of a new study show that using computer technology to tailor a mass produced program to individual smoker's needs doubles the success of quit smoking attempts with over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy, reported researchers at the 10th World Conference on Tobacco or Health held in Beijing. The study sponsored by SmithKline Beecham Consumer Healthcare followed 3,800 US consumers who used Nicorette nicotine gum to stop smoking.







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