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Newborn, newborn health, Newborn Health Tests, Biomedical Engineering, Africa, Uganda, Cell Phone App, Sensor, neonatal health, Developing Nations

Researchers Devise Sensors and Phone App to Find Early Signs of Sickness in Newborns

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Johns Hopkins biomedical engineering faculty and graduate students, global health experts and technology specialists will receive $100,000 to further develop a phone-based system enabling mothers in remote villages to spot serious health problems during newborn babies’ critical first week.

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Hydrogenation, Hydrogen, Volatility, hydrogen getter, Catalytic, Carbon, carbon-hydrogen bonds, Hom N. Sharma, Elizabeth A. Sangalang, Cheng K. Saw, Gareth A. Cairns, William McLean, Robert S. Maxwell, Long N. Dinh, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, AWE plc

Volatility Surprises Arise in Removing Excess Hydrogen

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Sometimes during catalytic hydrogenation, the partially hydrogenated products become volatile, melting and evaporating away before they can bind to more hydrogen atoms. Now, researchers have explored how and why this volatility varies during hydrogenation, suggesting that a previously underappreciated effect from carbon-hydrogen bonds in the molecule is the main culprit. The new analysis, published in The Journal of Chemical Physics, can help chemists identify the ideal conditions needed for catalytic hydrogenation so they can better remove excess hydrogen.

Medicine

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UTEP, UTEP College of Science, cutaneous leishmaniasis, Biological Sciences, tropical diseases, Parasites, Vaccine, Rosa Maldonado, Ph.D., Igor Almeida, Ph.D.

UTEP Team Advances in Developing Vaccine for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

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A research team at The University of Texas at El Paso is one step closer to developing an effective human vaccine for cutaneous leishmaniasis, a tropical disease found in Texas and Oklahoma, and affecting some U.S. troops stationed in Afghanistan and Iraq.

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Climate Change, Endangered Species, Endangered Animals, Oil Spills, South Africa, Conservation, Environment, Animal Health, animal diseases, Predators, Penguins, Seabirds

Scientists Team Up on Study to Save Endangered African Penguins

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The first study on prognostic health indicators in the endangered African Penguin provides invaluable information to preserve and rehabilitate this seabird. Competition with fisheries, oil spills, climate change, diseases and predators are all contributing factors in their dramatic population decline, which has been as high as 80 percent in some South African colonies. Until now, limited data existed on the factors contributing to their successful rehabilitation.

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Cardiovascular Disease, Heart Disease, biomarkers, Metabolism

La Búsqueda de Nuevos Biomarcadores que Indiquen el Riesgo de una Enfermedad Cardiovascular Temprana Gana una Beca para el Diseño de un Estudio a Mayor Escala en Personas de Ascendencia Mexicana

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A los científicos del Texas Biomedical Research Institute (Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Texas) les han otorgado una beca por parte del National Institutes of Health (NIH) (Institutos Nacionales de Salud) para llevar a cabo un estudio prometedor sobre las causas principales de enfermedades del corazón y los trastornos metabólicos.

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intercropping, Sorgh, Groundnut, Sahel, Fertilizer, international agriculture

Filling Intercropping Info Gap

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In some parts of Africa, farmers intercrop sorghum – a grain – and peanuts. But they face a major information gap. There hasn’t been much research on optimal levels of fertilizer use for intercropping sorghum and peanuts in these areas. A new study has filled this information gap. Researchers from Niger, Mali, and the United States have developed a method to help farmers determine how much fertilizer to apply when intercropping.

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Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, Berkeley Lab, Advanced Light Source, ALS, X-rays, X-Ray, micro tomography, Synchrotron, Light Source, Coral, Coral Reef Fish, parrotfish, fish, Materials Science, Biology, Biomineralization, biominerals

X-Rays Reveal the Biting Truth About Parrotfish Teeth

A new study has revealed a chain mail-like woven microstructure that gives parrotfish teeth their remarkable ability to chomp on coral all day long – the structure could serve as a blueprint for designing ultra-durable synthetic materials.

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Sdsc, Uc San Diego, Artificial Intelligence, Neurology, Suny Downstate, J. Andrew McCammon, Life Sciences, HPCwire, Supercomputing & high-performance computing

Multi-Partner Awards in Artificial Intelligence and Life Sciences Achievements

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The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego received two key HPCwire awards for 2017, recognizing the use of its Comet supercomputer in the areas of artificial intelligence (AI) research and the life sciences.

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Jamming, First Responders, responder tech, GPS, Communications

S&T Helps First Responders Mitigate Potential Jamming

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DHS S&T hosted a week-long 2017 First Responder Electronic Jamming Exercise (JamX 17) at Idaho National Lab (INL) in Idaho Falls, Idaho where nearly 100 federal, state, and local public safety and private organizations gathered to test tactics and technologies.

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Snoring, Sleep Apnea, Apnea, Sleep Patterns, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa), uvula vibration, uvula motion, Fluid Dynamics, Division of Fluid Dynamics, DFD, American Physical Society, APS

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 21-Nov-2017 8:00 AM EST







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