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Butadiene, Linear polyenes, photoisomerization, polyene, Spectroscopy, Quantum Dynamics, Dynamics, Andrey Boguslavskiy, Oliver Schalk, Niklas Gador, William J. Glover, Toshifumi Mori, Thomas Schultz, Michael S. Schuurman, Todd J. Martinez, Albert Stolow, University of Ottawa, Stockholm University, Kristianstad University, NYU Shanghai, Institute for Molecular Science, Ulsan National Institute of Technology, National Research Council of Canada, Stanford University, The Journal Of Chemical Physics

The ‘Missing Link’ in Conducting Molecules, Butadiene -- Solved

Trans 1,3-butadiene, the smallest polyene, has challenged researchers over the past 40 years because of its complex excited-state electronic structure and its ultrafast dynamics. Butadiene remains the “missing link” between ethylene, which has only one double bond, and longer linear polyenes with three or more double bonds. Now, an experimental team has solved trans 1,3-butadiene’s electronic-structural dynamics. The researchers recently reported their findings in The Journal of Chemical Physics.

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Life

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NASA, InSight Mission, moon

What Should NASA’s Priorities Be?

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additive manufacturing, 3-D printing, soil, Construction, Construction engineering

Early Career Award Will Advance Research on Soil as Building Material

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Michelle Bernhardt-Barry, assistant professor of civil engineering at the University of Arkansas, has received a $500,000 Faculty Early Career Development award from the National Science Foundation to expand her research on the use of soil as a 3D-printed building material.

Medicine

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iron, Prostate Cancer, FTH1, iron storage gene , genomic junk, Genomics, Pseudogenes, cancer science, Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, National University Of Singapore, CSI Singapore, NUS

NUS study: ‘Genomic junk’ of iron storage gene FTH1 critical for suppressing prostate cancer growth

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Researchers from the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore (CSI Singapore) at the National University of Singapore have found the role of the iron storage gene, FTH1, and its pseudogenes in regulating iron levels in cells and slowing down prostate cancer growth.

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Microbiome, Probiotics, Heart Failure, Gut Bacteria, Immune, Heart Disease, Immunology

Wiping Out the Gut Microbiome Could Help with Heart Failure

The bacteria that reside on and within our bodies are known to have a significant influence on our health. New research suggests wiping out the gut microbiota could improve heart functioning and potentially slow the cardiac damage that occurs with heart failure.

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Sustainability, hands-on learning, Green Jobs, project grants, farm, Water, Climate, Energy, Environmental Science and Management , sustainability efforts, Biological Sciences, stem, living lab, Research

April is Earth Month: The Green Jobs of the Future Start with Hands-on Learning

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The “Campus as a Living Lab” program uses the CSU itself to teach students real-world skills that are good for the planet and the future of California.

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Carbon Capture, Carbon Storage, CO2, Ethanol

LLNL Maps Out Deployment of Carbon Capture and Sequestration for Ethanol Production

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To better understand the near-term commercial potential for capturing and storing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have mapped out how CO2 might be captured from existing U.S. ethanol biorefineries and permanently stored (or sequestered) underground.

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Advanced Photon Source (APS), Energy, Fuel injection, Internal Combustion, Synchrotron Radiation, X-ray imaging & holography

Going with the Hypersonic Flow

Argonne researcher Alan Kastengren is using X-rays to delve deeply into complexity challenges related to supersonic combustion in hypersonic vehicles, one of the most complex flow problems in science. Working through Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source and National Security Programs, he is helping clients like the Air Force Research Laboratory improve performance of the scramjet combustors that power hypersonic jets.

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mars life, Methanogens

Studies Show Some Types of Life Can Survive Conditions Found on Mars

Researchers subject methanogens to simulated Mars conditions to determine if they could survive cold and low-pressure found in the subsurface.

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Electronics, Nanotechnology, tribochemical reaction, etching silicon

A Simple Method Etches Patterns at the Atomic Scale

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A precise chemical-free method for etching nanoscale features on silicon wafers has been developed by a team from Penn State and Southwest Jiaotong University and Tsinghua University in China.







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