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collective computation, Animal Behavior, Complexity

How Living Systems Compute Solutions to Problems

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No individual fish or bee or neuron has enough information by itself to solve a complex problem, but together they can accomplish amazing things. In research recently published in Science Advances, Eleanor Brush (University of Maryland), David Krakauer, and Jessica Flack address how this is possible through a study of the emergence of social structure in primate social groups.

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Concrete, Fungi, Fungus, Infrastructure, Construction, Building, Building Materials, Mechanical Engineering, Engineering, Cracks, Sustainability, self-healing materials, Self-Healing , Human Body, Trichoderma reesei, Binghamton, SUNY Binghamton, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton University

Self-Healing Fungi Concrete Could Provide Sustainable Solution to America’s Crumbling Infrastructure

A new self-healing fungi concrete, co-developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York, could help repair cracks in aging concrete permanently, and help save America’s crumbling infrastructure.

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Saturn, Titan, Astronomy, MAP, Topography, Space, Cornell University, NASA

Titan Topographic Map Unearths Cookie-Cutter Holes in Moon’s Surface

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Using the now-complete Cassini data set, Cornell University astronomers have created a new global topographic map of Saturn’s moon Titan that has opened new windows into understanding its liquid flows and terrain. Two papers, recently published in Geophysical Review Letters, describe the map and discoveries arising from it.

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Scale-Eating Fish Adopt Clever Parasitic Methods to Survive

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A small group of fishes — possibly the world’s cleverest carnivorous grazers — feeds on the scales of other fish in the tropics. A team led by biologists at the University of Washington’s Friday Harbor Laboratories is trying to understand these scale-feeding fish and how this odd diet influences their body evolution and behavior.

Medicine

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Genetics, Diagnostics, Cancer, Obstetrics, Neurosciences

A Centuries-Old Math Equation Used to Solve a Modern-Day Genetics Challenge

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Researchers developed a new mathematical tool to validate and improve methods used by medical professionals to interpret results from clinical genetic tests. The work was published this month in Genetics in Medicine.

Medicine

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sickle cell disease organ failure, Sickle Cell Anemia Research, Supercomputing, Modeling & Simulation, High Performace Computing, Medical Research

A Shortcut to Modeling Sickle Cell Disease

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Using Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Titan supercomputer, a team led by Brown University’s George Karniadakis devised a multiscale model of sickle cell disease that captures what happens inside a red blood cell affected by the disease.

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Engineering, Technology, Agriculture (Food/Food Science)

Light-Splitting Film for Greenhouses Could Improve Photosynthetic Efficiency, Increase Crop Yields

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A scalable, cost-effective greenhouse material in development at CU Boulder splits sunlight into photosynthetically efficient light and repurposes inefficient infrared light to aid in water purification.

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Why Don’t Turtles Still Have Tail Spikes?

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In a study covering 300 million years of evolutionary history, researchers from North Carolina State University and the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences found four necessary components to tail weapon development: size, armor, herbivory and thoracic stiffness.

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Fusion Energy Sciences, fusion science, fusion energy, Fusion, PPPL , Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, APS Division of Plasma Physics Meeting, fusion and plasma sciences, KSTAR, Tokamak, tokamaks, Iter, Stabilization, Korea, South Korea, Plasma, Korean Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research , plasmas, plasma diagnostics, Collaboration, Collaborations, Nuclear Energy, Currents, fusion power, flux, Vertical, General Atomics

Superconducting Tokamaks Are Standing Tall

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Plasma physicists significantly improve the vertical stability of a Korean fusion device.

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Auxin, Plant Biology, Chemistry, Biotechnology, Agriculture

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