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Neuroscience, Epigenetic, Child Abuse

New Therapy Lessens Impact of Mistreatment at a Young Age

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Work underway in a laboratory at the University of Delaware suggest certain drugs can prevent and reduce changes to the brain caused by mistreatment at an early age.

Medicine

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Heart Disease, Coronary Artery Disease, Genetics

Could This Protein Protect People Against Coronary Artery Disease?

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By studying the genetic makeup of people who maintain clear arteries into old age, researchers led by UNC’s Jonathan Schisler, PhD, have identified a possible genetic basis for coronary artery disease (CAD), as well as potential new opportunities to prevent it.

Medicine

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Women's Health, Aging, Geriatrics, Physical Activity, Longevity, Fitness trackers

Cross Off That “To Do” List, Study Shows All Daily Activity Can Prolong Life

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That “to do” list of chores and errands could actually provide a variety of health benefits, according to researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine. The study, published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, found women over age 65 who engaged in regular light physical activity had a reduction in the risk of mortality.

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Science

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Adolescence, Adolescent Drinking, alcohol prroblems, early age drinking, early-age drinking, first drunkenness, Binge Drinking, heavy drinking, initiation of drinking

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 21-Nov-2017 10:00 AM EST

Medicine

Science

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Cryo Electron Microscopy, cryo-EM, Immune activation

Detailed View of Immune Proteins Could Lead to New Pathogen-Defense Strategies

Biologists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley used cryo-EM to resolve the structure of a ring of proteins used by the immune system to summon support when under attack, providing new insight into potential strategies for protection from pathogens. The researchers captured the high-resolution image of a protein ring, called an inflammasome, as it was bound to flagellin, a protein from the whiplike tail used by bacteria to propel themselves forward.

Medicine

Science

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Ebola, Ebola Virus, omics, Proteomics, Lipidomics, Metabolomics, biomarkers

Unlocking the Secrets of Ebola

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Scientists have identified a set of biomarkers that indicate which patients infected with the Ebola virus are most at risk of dying from the disease. The results come from one of the most in-depth studies ever of blood samples from patients with Ebola.

Medicine

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Heart Attack, Surgery, predictive diagnostics, Predictive Analytics, predictive calculator, Geriatric-Sensitive Perioperative Cardiac Risk Index

New Tool Predicts Risk of Heart Attack in Older Surgery Patients

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A tool designed to more accurately predict the risk of heart attack in older patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery works significantly better than traditional risk assessment tools. By having more accurate information, older patients and their physicians can make an informed decision on whether to undergo surgery.

Medicine

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Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, , School of Engineering at Rensselaer , virtual surgery, Training Surgeons , Noninvasive, noninvasive cancer screening, Physical Simulator , Virtual Simulation, Machine Learning, Operating Room, Simulator Training , Suvranu De , Xavier Intes , American College Of Surgeons, Brain Imaging Technology , Surgical Training Programs , Center for Modeling, Simulation and Imaging in Medicine , CeMSIM

Noninvasive Brain Imaging Shows Readiness of Trainees To Perform Operations

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While simulation platforms have been used to train surgeons before they enter an actual operating room (OR), few studies have evaluated how well trainees transfer those skills from the simulator to the OR. Now, a study led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute that used noninvasive brain imaging to evaluate brain activity has found that simulator-trained medical students successfully transferred those skills to operating on cadavers and were faster than peers who had no simulator training.

Medicine

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Endocrine Society, Journal of the Endocrine Society, Diabetes, Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems, Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Endocrinology, Endocrinologists, Diabetes & Endocrinology, Glycemic Control

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 20-Nov-2017 2:00 PM EST

Medicine

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Nutrition-Focused Medical Exams Result in Increased Reimbursement for Health Care Systems

A new pilot project has been developed by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that trains registered dietitian nutritionists to perform a nutrition-focused physical exam that is used to diagnose malnourished hospitalized patients. According to a new article in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, proper identification of malnutrition can increase revenue from reimbursement to facilities.







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