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Science

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Eilat, Red Sea, Coral Reef, Coral Reef Fish, coral reef health, Coral Reef Protection , coral reef conservation, Molecular Genetics, Sorek

Making Larvae Count

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The larvae of the fish that live in coral reefs look alike, making it difficult for marine biologists to study reef populations. Now, Weizmann's Prof. Rotem Sorek found a way to “barcode” 80% of fish species known to visit the reefs in a Red Sea gulf.

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Zero Gravity Plant Growth Experiments Delivered to Space Station

The latest resupply mission to the International Space Station delivered hundreds of seeds to the spacefaring research lab Sunday, Dec. 17, to test how plants grow in the stressful environment of zero gravity. This is the fourth plants-in-space experiment for University of Wisconsin–Madison Professor of Botany Simon Gilroy.

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Michigan Tech, Isle Royale, Moose, Climate Change, Ecology, Population Biology, Skull, Wolves

The Shrinking Moose of Isle Royale

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Climate change and predator-prey dynamics with wolves make for smaller moose. Ecologists compared skull measurements spanning four decades gathered at Isle Royale National Park and found a 16 percent decrease in moose skull size.

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Fish to Benefit if Large Dams Adopt New Operating Approach

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Recognizing that many large dams are here to stay, a University of Washington team is investigating an emerging solution to help achieve freshwater conservation goals by re-envisioning the ways in which water is released by dams.

Science

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Statistical Modeling, carp, Lakes, South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks Department, Federal Aid to Sportfish Restoration, Markov model

Statistical Modeling Helps Fisheries Managers Remove Invasive Species

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Statisticians and natural resource management researchers worked together to determine the best time and location to capture and remove carps from lake systems.

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Tulane University, nitrogen fertilization, Dead Zones, Hypoxia, Sustainable Farming, Fertilizer, agriculture and greenhouse gas emissions, agriculture and climate change, farming practices, Grand Challenges, Agricultural and Environmental economics, Algae blooms

Tulane University Names $1 Million Winner of Nitrogen Reduction Challenge

Tulane University awarded the $1 million grand prize for the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge to Adapt-N, a team from Cornell University that developed a cloud-based computer modeling system to predict optimum nitrogen application rates for crops using data on weather, field conditions and soil management practices.

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soil, Wetlands, Watershed, Ecosystem, Environment

Are Wetlands Really the “Earth’s Kidneys”?

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Healthy wetlands are hard-working water filters! The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) December 15 Soils Matter blog post explains the role of wetlands—and how we can keep them functioning.

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Energy, Environment, Fundamental Science, Emissions, Chemistry, Catalysis

New Catalyst Meets Challenge of Cleaning Exhaust From Modern Engines

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News Release RICHLAND, Wash. — As cars become more fuel-efficient, less heat is wasted in the exhaust, which makes it harder to clean up the pollutants are emitted. But researchers have recently created a catalyst capable of reducing pollutants at the lower temperatures expected in advanced engines. Their work, published this week in Science magazine, a leading peer-reviewed research journal, presents a new way to create a more powerful catalyst while using smaller amounts of platinum, the most expensive component of emission-control catalysts.

Science

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Climate Change, Agriculture, Sustainability, Rain, Water, Crops, soil, Environment

Northeast Farmers Weigh Warming Climate, Drenched Fields

Farmers in the Northeast are adapting to longer growing seasons and warming climate conditions, but they may face spring-planting whiplash as they confront fields increasingly saturated with rain, according to a research paper published in the journal Climatic Change.

Science

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Climate, Climate Change, Stream Monitoring, stream habitat, Carbon Dioxide, Weather and Climate Extremes, Climate Models

UNH Researchers Find Effects of Climate Change Could Accelerate By Mid-Century

Environmental models are showing that the effects of climate change could be much stronger by the middle of the 21st century. If carbon dioxide emissions continue at the current rate, scenarios point to a significant decrease in snow days, and an increase in the number of summer days over 90 degrees.







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