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Article ID: 697506

Tackling Cancer at Ground Zero with Designer Molecules

University of Adelaide

A new molecule designed by University of Adelaide researchers shows great promise for future treatment of many cancers.

Released:
16-Jul-2018 9:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697480

FSU Researchers Use Artificial Intelligence to Identify, Predict New Chemical Compounds

Florida State University

A team of Florida State University researchers is using artificial intelligence to identify which among hundreds of thousands of hypothetical crystal structures can result in the prediction of new chemical compounds.

Released:
16-Jul-2018 3:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697375

Missouri S&T Biochemical Engineer Patents Low-Cost Method of Removing Bacterial Toxins From Fluids

Missouri University of Science and Technology

By some estimates, 18 million people die each year from sepsis triggered by endotoxins – fragments of the outer membranes of bacteria. A biochemical engineer at Missouri University of Science and Technology has patented a method of removing these harmful elements from water and also from pharmaceutical formulations.Her goal: improve drug safety and increase access to clean drinking water in the developing world.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697371

Basic Research in Fruit Flies Leads to Potential Drug for Diseases Afflicting Millions

University of California, Santa Cruz

A stable cell line of Wolbachia-infected fruit fly cells turned out to be an invaluable tool for researchers seeking new drugs to treat river blindness and related diseases. That's because the parasitic worms that cause these diseases are actually dependent on Wolbachia bacteria living within their cells. Kill the Wolbachia, and the worms die.

Released:
12-Jul-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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    12-Jul-2018 7:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697318

Smell Receptors in the Body Could Help Sniff Out Disease

American Physiological Society (APS)

A review of more than 200 studies reveals that olfactory receptors—proteins that bind to odors that aid the sense of smell—perform a wide range of mostly unknown functions outside the nose. The function of extra-nasal olfactory receptors has the potential to be used in the diagnosis and treatment of health conditions such as cancer.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 4:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697324

High School Student Mentored by UA Little Rock Chemistry Professors Wins More Than $60k for Outstanding Research

University of Arkansas at Little Rock

When most people think of tea and molasses, their thoughts don’t stray any further than the kitchen. Meghana Bollimpalli, a Central High School student who was mentored by two chemistry professors at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, saw the potential to create a less-expensive renewable energy source that has earned her more than $60,000 in scholarships and prize money from science fair competitions.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 4:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697290

Reining in Soil’s Nitrogen Chemistry

American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

The compound urea is currently the most popular nitrogen soil fertilizer. It’s a way to get plants the nitrogen they need to grow. There’s just one problem with urease: it works too well! New research suggests farmers may have a choice in how they slow the release of nitrogen, depending on their soil’s acidity.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 12:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697263

Biochemists Discover Cause of Genome Editing Failures with Hyped CRISPR System

University of Illinois at Chicago

Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago are the first to describe why CRISPR gene editing sometimes fails to work, and how the process can be made to be much more efficient.

Released:
10-Jul-2018 4:45 PM EDT
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Article ID: 697182

Crystal Structure Reveals How Curcumin Impairs Cancer

University of California San Diego Health

Through x-ray crystallography and kinase-inhibitor specificity profiling, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers, in collaboration with researchers at Peking University and Zhejiang University, reveal that curcumin, a natural occurring chemical compound found in the spice turmeric, binds to the kinase enzyme dual-specificity tyrosine-regulated kinase 2 (DYRK2) at the atomic level. This previously unreported biochemical interaction of curcumin leads to inhibition of DYRK2 that impairs cell proliferation and reduces cancer burden.

Released:
9-Jul-2018 3:35 PM EDT
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    9-Jul-2018 3:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 697045

How Antifreeze Proteins Stop Ice Cold

University of Utah

How do insects survive harsh northern winters? Unlike mammals, they don’t have thick coats of fur to keep warm. But they do have antifreeze. Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) prevent ice from forming and spreading inside their bodies. The existence of these AFPs has been known for decades, but the mechanisms governing this unique survival technique have proven difficult to determine.

Released:
5-Jul-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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