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Evolution and Darwin

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Locomotion, Dinosaur

The Secret World of Dinosaur Tracks

Scans of fossilized dinosaur prints show how some dinosaur feet moved not just on top of but through the earth. The results of this study will be presented at the annual conference of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology in San Francisco, CA on January 4, 2018



Midshipman, toadfish, mating behavior, Physiology, Animal Sounds

Study Reveals How the Midshipman Fish Sustains Its Hour-Long Mating Call


Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have discovered how the Pacific midshipman fish can hum continuously for up to an hour in order to attract potential mates. The study, which is featured on the cover of the January 2018 issue of the Journal of General Physiology, explains how the muscle fibers surrounding the fish’s swimbladder can sustain the high rates of contraction—up to 100 times per second—that are needed to produce the animal’s distinctive call.



Archaeology, Archeology, Fossils, life on Earth, Geology, Microbiology, Earth, Earth Science

Oldest Fossils Ever Found Show Life on Earth Began Before 3.5 Billion Years Ago


Researchers at UCLA and the University of Wisconsin–Madison have confirmed that microscopic fossils discovered in a nearly 3.5 billion-year-old piece of rock in Western Australia are the oldest fossils ever found and indeed the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth.



Eilat, Red Sea, Coral Reef, Coral Reef Fish, coral reef health, Coral Reef Protection , coral reef conservation, Molecular Genetics, Sorek

Making Larvae Count


The larvae of the fish that live in coral reefs look alike, making it difficult for marine biologists to study reef populations. Now, Weizmann's Prof. Rotem Sorek found a way to “barcode” 80% of fish species known to visit the reefs in a Red Sea gulf.



the Mount Sinai Health System, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, National Academy of Inventors, Dennis Charney, Fellow, Innovation

National Academy of Inventors Chooses Dean of Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai as 2017 Fellow

Dennis S. Charney, MD, Anne and Joel Ehrenkranz Dean of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and President for Academic Affairs at Mount Sinai Health System, has been named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI).




Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, , Lally School of Management , Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Student Entrepreneurs, Thomas Begley , Jason Kuruzovich, Severino Center for Technological Entrepreneurship, Change the World Challenge Student Innovation Competition,

The Next Great Idea! Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Announces Winners of Fall 2017 Change the World Challenge Student Innovation Competition


Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute announces the winning ideas from the entries in the fall 2017 Change the World Challenge.



Evolution, Consciousness, Physics, Technology

Science of Consciousness Conference, Tucson 2018: Final Call for Abstracts - Due January 2, 2018


The Science of Consciousness ('TSC') is an interdisciplinary conference emphasizing broad and rigorous approaches to all aspects of the study and understanding of conscious awareness. Topical areas include neuroscience, philosophy, psychology, language, biology, quantum physics, meditation, altered states, machine consciousness, the nature of reality, culture and experiential phenomenology.



fish biology, fish, Fresh Water, Colorado River, Conservation, Evolution Biology

Water Extraction in the Colorado River Places Native Species at Risk of Extinction


Agriculture and domestic activities consume much of the Colorado River water that once flowed to the Colorado Delta and Northern Gulf of California. The nature and extent of impact of this fresh-water loss on the ecology and fisheries of the Colorado Delta and Gulf of California is controversial. A recent publication in the journal PeerJ reveals a previously unseen risk to the unique local biodiversity of the tidal portion of the Delta.



Ut Southwestern, Circadian Rhythm, Clock Gene

CLOCK Gene May Hold Answers to Human Brain Evolution


A gene controlling our biological clocks plays a vital role in regulating human-specific genes important to brain evolution. The findings from the O’Donnell Brain Institute open new paths of research into how CLOCK proteins produced by the CLOCK gene affect brain function and the processes by which neurons find their proper place in the brain.



Fossil, Gabriel Bever

Evolutionary Biologists Say Recently Discovered Fossil Shows Transition of a Reptile From Life on Land to Life in the Sea


Using modern research tools on a 155-million-year-old reptile fossil, scientists at Johns Hopkins and the American Museum of Natural History report they have filled in some important clues to the evolution of animals that once roamed land and transitioned to life in the water.

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