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Science

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Green Products, Fossil Fuel, Innovation, biorenewable materials

A Sweeter Way to Make Green Products

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University of Delaware researchers have invented a more efficient process for extracting sugars from wood chips, corn cobs and other organic waste. This biorenewable feedstock could serve as a cheaper, sustainable substitute for petroleum used to make tons of consumer goods annually.

Medicine

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Life

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Four Grants in Four Days

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ZOWEEEE!! Kennesaw State University’s Office of Research recorded a big first: 4 DIFFERENT researchers garnered 4 NSF grants over 4 days. “This is a really cool story for us,” said Jonathan McMurry, associate vice president for research. “It was almost surreal, every day a new grant coming in!”

Medicine

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Circadian Clock, Circadian Rhythm

Circadian Clock’s Inner Gears

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New study identifies a handful of molecular machines that run circadian clocks, biomechanical oscillators that control physiology, metabolism and behavior on a 24-hour cycle. Findings dispel traditional view that key clock proteins act individually and provide the first structural glimpse of the body’s circadian machine. Identifying protein complexes that operate the circadian clock could eventually lead to new treatments for disorders stemming from malfunctions in the system, including sleep problems, metabolic problems and cancer.

Medicine

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Parkinson's Disease, Olfactory, sense of smell, Smell Test, Screening Tools

Scratch-and-Sniff Test Could Predict Parkinson’s Even Earlier

A new study provides further evidence that a simple scratch-and-sniff test could predict Parkinson’s disease even earlier than previously thought. According to Michigan State University researcher Honglei Chen, lead author and professor of epidemiology, the test could identify certain people who are at an increased risk of developing the disease up to 10 years before they are actually diagnosed.

Medicine

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Antibiotic, apidaecin, Pharmacy, Honeybees

Honeybees Could Play a Role in Developing New Antibiotics

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An antimicrobial compound made by honeybees could become the basis for new antibiotics, according to new research at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Science

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Anthropocene Epoch, Astrobiology

Earth as Hybrid Planet: New Classification Scheme Places Anthropocene Era in Astrobiological Context

A team of researchers including Marina Alberti of the University of Washington has devised a new classification scheme for the evolutionary stages of worlds based on "non-equilibrium thermodynamics" — a planet's energy flow being out of synch, as the presence of life could cause.

Medicine

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Research, Biology, Olfactory, Nervous System, nervous system circuits

WVU Biologists Awarded $1.4 Million Air Force Grant to Examine Moths’ Olfactory Systems

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West Virginia University biologists Kevin Daly and Andrew Dacks are working to uncover the mystery of corollary discharge functions for the sense of smell. Funded by a four year, $1.4 million Air Force grant, Daly and Dacks are studying an animal with one of the most sensitive senses of smell—moths.

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NSF Funds Project to Create Commercial Fertilizer Out of Wastewater Nutrients

A $2.4 million award from the National Science Foundation will enable a multidisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Arkansas and their colleagues at two other institutions to develop a chemical process that converts nitrogen and phosphorous from wastewater into commercial fertilizer.

Medicine

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Parkinson's Disease, antidepessant medication, Nortriptyline, Alpha-synuclein, Depression, Tricyclic Antidepressants, Levodopa, Dopamine

Longtime Antidepressant Could Slow Parkinson's

Michigan State University scientists now have early proof that an antidepressant drug that’s been around for more than 50 years could slow the progression of Parkinson’s. In a proof-of-concept study, published in the journal Neurobiology of Disease, the drug nortriptyline, which has been used to treat depression and nerve pain, stopped the growth of abnormal proteins that can build up in the brain and lead to the development of the disease.

Science

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aeroice, ice, water phases, ultralow density, ice phases, polymorphs, Molecular Dynamics, Takahiro Matsui, Masanori Hirata, Takuma Yagasaki, Masakazu Matsumoto, Hideki Tanaka, Okayama University, The Journal Of Chemical Physics

Aeroices: Newly Discovered Ultralow-Density Ice

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Relatively little is known about the effects of extreme negative pressure on water molecules. Exploring a significant region of negative pressure through molecular dynamic simulations, researchers have now theoretically discovered a new family of ice phases. Called aeroices, these ices have the lowest density of all known ice crystals. The researchers report their findings this week in The Journal of Chemical Physics.







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