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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 21-Sep-2017 9:00 AM EDT

Science

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Dogs, Wolves, Fossils, Domestication

3-D Analysis of Dog Fossils Sheds Light on Domestication Debate

In an effort to settle the debate about the origin of dog domestication, a technique that uses 3-D scans of fossils is helping researchers determine the difference between dogs and wolves.

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FROG, Dinosaur, Pac-man, Bite Force, Ecology

Bite Force Research Reveals Dinosaur-Eating Frog

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Scientists say that a large, now extinct, frog called Beelzebufo that lived about 68 million years ago in Madagascar would have been capable of eating small dinosaurs.

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Rogue Waves, El Faro, Hurricane, sea conditions, Ocean, Civil and Environmental Engineering

Rogue Wave Analysis Supports Investigation of the El Faro Sinking

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A new analysis done to support the investigation into the 2015 sinking of the El Faro cargo ship has calculated the likelihood of a massive rogue wave during Hurricane Joaquin in October of that year – and demonstrated a new technique for evaluating the probability of rogue waves over space and time.

Medicine

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Toxoplasma Gondii, Epilepsy, Cancer

Systems Analysis Points to Links Between Toxoplasma Infection and Common Brain Diseases

Nearly one out of every three humans on earth has a lifelong infection with the brain-dwelling parasite Toxoplasma gondii. In the September 13 issue of Scientific Reports, researchers from multiple institutions describe efforts to learn how infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii may alter, and in some cases amplify, several brain disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases as well as some cancers.

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Cancer, Microfluidic Device, cancer metastasis

A Tiny Device Offers Insights to How Cancer Spreads

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Researchers developed a new type of microfluidic device that can cultivate cells for longer periods of time, better reflecting how cancer cells to change over time. The device allowed them to capture the leader cells that would be first to break away and cause metastasis.

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Advanced Photon Source, Energy, Energy Efficiency, Manufacturing, Programs, Materials Science, Defects in materials , Metal fatigue, Nanoscience, materials simulation & theory, Surface & interface studies, Mathematics, Computing, Computer Science, Modeling, Simulation, Visualization, Physics, high-energy physics, Synchrotron Radiation, Synchrotron instruments

Argonne Efforts Accelerate 3-D Printing Journey

Argonne scientists’ first glimpse inside additive manufacturing process yields important advancements

Medicine

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cardiovascuar disease, Heart Attack, Infarct, Inflammation, Immune Response, Cardiac Remodeling Reversing Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Lipoxin, Macrophage, Neutrophil

A Bioactive Molecule May Protect Against Congestive Heart Failure After Heart Attacks

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A form of the fatty acid-derived bioactive molecule called lipoxin improved heart function after a heart attack, as the lipoxin prompted early activation of the resolving phase of the immune response in mice without altering the acute phase.

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Dentistry, pain, NYU Dentistry, Bluestone Center for Clinical Research

NYU Bluestone Center Researchers Discover That Skin Color Affects Skin Sensitivity to Heat and Mechanical Stimuli

Researchers at the Bluestone Center for Clinical Research at NYU Dentistry have identified a novel molecular mechanism which explains why dark-skinned and light-skinned people respond differently to heat and mechanical stimulation.

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Study Shows Fungal Infections Reduce Frogs’ Tolerance of Heat

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Fungal diseases are increasing in animals, which might have serious consequences for wildlife living in a hotter world, said a University of Florida scientist. A new study published in the international journal Scientific Reports shows that fungal infections reduced the heat tolerance of frogs by up to 4 degrees Celsius.







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