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Microbiome

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Medicine

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Nyu Langone, Martin Blaser, Microbiome, IBD, bowel disease

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Nov-2017 11:00 AM EST

Science

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Soil Carbon Sinks, Coral Adaptation, Earth's Oxygen History, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

Medicine

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Microbiome, Crohn's Diesease, Gastroenterology, bacterial enzyme

A Clean Slate: Engineering the Gut Microbiome with “Good” Bacteria May Help Treat Crohn’s Disease

Penn Medicine researchers have singled out a bacterial enzyme behind an imbalance in the gut microbiome linked to Crohn’s disease. The new study, published online this week in Science Translational Medicine, suggests that wiping out a significant portion of the bacteria in the gut microbiome, and then re-introducing a certain type of “good” bacteria that lacks this enzyme, known as urease, may be an effective approach to better treat these diseases.

Medicine

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Antibiotic Resistance, klebsiella pneumoniae, Microbiology, Immunology, Interferons

Queen’s Researchers Make Killer Superbug Breakthrough

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Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast together with the University of Vienna have discovered that treatment for the antibiotic resistant bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae could lie within our bodies’ natural defences.

Science

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Subalpine Wildflowers, Butterfly Evolution, Ancient Mammals, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

Science

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Blanca Barquera, Michael Malamy, Laurie Comstock, Microbiome, Bacteroides, Gut Bacteria and Health

Exploring the Common Gut Bacteria Bacteroides

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With support from a four-year $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, Blanca Barquera, an associate professor of biological sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and a team including researchers at Tufts University and Harvard Brigham and Women’s Hospital are examining evidence that Bacteroides can create energy with and without oxygen by using aerobic and anaerobic respiration, an unusual feature among many human gut bacteria.

Science

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Microbes, Economies, Paradox, Trade

Paradoxes in Microbial Economies

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In a new paper in Nature Communications, three Santa Fe Institute researchers describe a trio of paradoxical dynamics that can arise in simple microbial economies. The work could be important for approaching engineered microbial communities and better understanding microbiomes.

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Business

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Rural Health, Healthcare, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National 4-H Council, Appalachia, Health Disparities, Racial Disparities, Prevention, Health Policy

Closing the Rural Health Gap: Media Update from RWJF and Partners on Rural Health Disparities

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Rural counties continue to rank lowest among counties across the U.S., in terms of health outcomes. A group of national organizations including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National 4-H Council are leading the way to close the rural health gap.

Medicine

Science

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Sickle Cell, Sickle Cell Disease, Gut Bacteria, Digestive System, Veillonella, Streptococcus Bacteria, Vascular Physiology, Physiology, Red Blood Cells

Out of Balance: Gut Bacterial Makeup May Exacerbate Pain in Sickle Cell Disease

An overabundance of the bacteria Veillonella in the digestive tract may increase pain in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Researchers from Howard University will present their findings today at the American Physiological Society’s Physiological and Pathophysiological Consequences of Sickle Cell Disease conference in Washington, D.C.

Medicine

Science

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Microbiome, microbiome and cancer treatment, Colorectal Cancer, gut microbes, gut microbiome, gut microbiomes, Chemotherapy, Diarrhea, Metabolic Activity

Gut Microbiome May Make Chemo Drug Toxic to Patients

Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers report that the composition of people’s gut bacteria may explain why some of them suffer life-threatening reactions after taking a key drug for treating metastatic colorectal cancer. The findings, described online today in npj Biofilms and Microbiomes, a Nature research journal, could help predict which patients will suffer side effects and prevent complications in susceptible patients.







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