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Medicine

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Microbiome, human microbiome, Gene, DNA, Cancer, GUT, Vagina, skin

Researchers Identify Millions of New Genes in the Human Microbiome

A new study of the human microbiome has uncovered millions of previously unknown genes from microbial communities in the human gut, skin, mouth, and vaginal microbiome, allowing for new insights into the role these microbes play in human health and disease.

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Comet or Asteroid? Hubble Discovers that a Unique Object is a Binary

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope helped an international team of astronomers find that an unusual object in the asteroid belt is, in fact, two asteroids orbiting each other that have comet-like features. These include a bright halo of material, called a coma, and a long tail of dust.

Medicine

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Sarcoma, Cancer, Immunotherapy, durvalumab/MEDI4736, Tremelimumab, Radiation, Soft Tissue Cancer

New Clinical Trial Explores Combining Immunotherapy and Radiation for Newly Diagnosed Sarcoma Patients

University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers are investigating a new approach to treat high-risk soft-tissue sarcomas by combining two immunotherapy drugs with radiation therapy to stimulate the immune system to destroy the main tumor as well as leftover microscopic cancer cells that may seed other tumors.

Medicine

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Preterm Birth, Premature Birth, infant care, Preemie Care, Insulin Resistance, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes, Obesity, maternal separation, Metabolic Disorder, Low Oxygen, Hypoxia, Body Temperature

Preemies’ Separation from Mom + Physical Stress May Increase Health Risks in Adulthood

A new study suggests that physiological stress in premature infants combined with separation from their mothers may have lasting effects into adulthood. In clinical studies, these factors have been found to increase the risk of obesity and insulin resistance, leading to metabolic disorders such as metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Medicine

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Ambulance, Critical Care, Elliott Haut, Gunshot, stab

Hold the Phone: An Ambulance Might Lower Your Chances of Surviving Some Injuries

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Victims of gunshots and stabbings are significantly less likely to die if they’re taken to the trauma center by a private vehicle than ground emergency medical services (EMS), according to results of a new analysis.

Medicine

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Zachary Kaminsky, Zack Kaminsky, arbs, Alcohol, Cholesterol, Pcsk9

Alcohol Use Affects Levels of Cholesterol Regulator through Epigenetics

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In an analysis of the epigenomes of people and mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and the National Institutes of Health report that drinking alcohol may induce changes to a cholesterol-regulating gene.

Science

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whispering gallery, micro-laser, whispering gallery mode, Resonators, tunable laser, Laser, Optics, Photonics, T. Siegle, M. Remmel, S. Krammer , H. Kalt, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, APL Photonics

Tiny Lasers from a Gallery of Whispers

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Whispering gallery mode resonators rely on a phenomenon similar to an effect observed in circular galleries, and the same phenomenon applies to light. When light is stored in ring-shaped or spherical active resonators, the waves superimpose in such a way that it can result in laser light. This week in APL Photonics, investigators report a new type of dye-doped WGM micro-laser that produces light with tunable wavelengths.

Science

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Jellyfish, Sleep, Cassiopea, Caltech, Paul Sternberg, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Circadian Rhythm

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 21-Sep-2017 12:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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CEO Cancer Gold Standard, Cancer

The Johns Hopkins Hospital Earns Accreditation From CEO Roundtable on Cancer

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital will join the ranks of more than 200 organizations that have been accredited as CEO Cancer Gold Standard employers by meeting standards of excellence in cancer prevention, early detection and quality care for their employees. The accreditation is given by the CEO Roundtable on Cancer, a nonprofit group of CEOs founded by former President George H.W. Bush.

Science

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Birdsong, birdsong production, vocal organs, biomechanism, nonlinear dynamics, Biophysics, Gabriel B. Mindlin, University of Buenos Aires, Chaos

Nonlinear Physics Bridges Thoughts to Sounds in Birdsong

Physicist Gabriel Mindlin has been looking at the phenomena from what is one of the most unifying and potentially enlightening perspectives of the issue: the dynamical physics of birds’ vocal organs. In his work, published this week in the journal Chaos, he explores the role of fundamental physics properties in the acoustic complexity of birdsong, and the relationship they have with neural instructions for their production.







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