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Nature (journal)

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Article ID: 717803

Researchers Discover Cause of Asthmatic Lung Spasms

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Researchers at Rutgers and other institutions have discovered how muscle contraction (bronchospasm) in the airway, which cause breathing difficulty in people with asthma, occur by creating a microdevice that mimics the behavior of the human airways. The study, published in the journal Nature Biomedical Engineering, could lead to new treatment strategies for respiratory diseases, said co-author Reynold Panettieri, director of the Rutgers Institute for Translational Medicine and Science.

Released:
22-Aug-2019 2:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 717820

'Key player' identified in genetic link to psychiatric conditions

Cardiff University

Scientists have identified a specific gene they believe could be a key player in the changes in brain structure seen in several psychiatric conditions, such as schizophrenia and autism.

Released:
21-Aug-2019 2:05 PM EDT
Newswise: The challenge: Make and purify a medical isotope that must be used the same day

Article ID: 717829

The challenge: Make and purify a medical isotope that must be used the same day

University of Alabama at Birmingham

A DOE grant will help solve a production roadblock for the medically useful radioactive isotopes scandium 43 and scandium 47. If available, they could visualize and destroy solid tumors. But with a half-life of 4 hours, scandium 43 must be made, purified and then used in a PET scan in a single day.

Released:
21-Aug-2019 2:05 PM EDT
Newswise: 209181_web.jpg

Article ID: 717812

Insight into cells' 'self-eating' process could pave the way for new dementia treatments

University of Plymouth

Cells regularly go through a process called autophagy - literally translated as 'self-eating' - which helps to destroy bacteria and viruses after infection.

Released:
21-Aug-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Scientists Discover Why Brown Fat is Good for People’s Health

Article ID: 717716

Scientists Discover Why Brown Fat is Good for People’s Health

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers and other scientists have discovered how brown fat, also known as brown adipose tissue, may help protect against obesity and diabetes. Their study in the journal Nature adds to our knowledge about the role of brown fat in human health and could lead to new medications for treating obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Released:
21-Aug-2019 1:00 PM EDT
Newswise: Study Identifies Main Culprit Behind Lithium Metal Battery Failure
  • Embargo expired:
    21-Aug-2019 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 717654

Study Identifies Main Culprit Behind Lithium Metal Battery Failure

University of California San Diego

UC San Diego researchers have discovered the root cause of why lithium metal batteries fail, challenging a long-held belief in the field. The study presents new ways to boost battery performance and brings research a step closer to incorporating lithium anodes into rechargeable batteries.

Released:
19-Aug-2019 1:30 PM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    21-Aug-2019 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 717561

Larger, more frequent fires in boreal forest threaten previously protected carbon stores, international research team reports in Nature

Northern Arizona University

Northern Arizona University postdoc Xanthe Walker led a team that found that legacy carbon, while it remained protected from combustion in older tree stands where the historical fire return interval persisted, it burned in tree stands younger than 60 years old, increasing the amount of carbon released into the atmosphere.

Released:
15-Aug-2019 4:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 717806

Link between brain immune cells and Alzheimer’s disease development identified

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Aug. 21, 2019 — Scientists from the University of California, Irvine School of Biological Sciences have discovered how to forestall Alzheimer’s disease in a laboratory setting, a finding that could one day help in devising targeted drugs that prevent it. The researchers found that by removing brain immune cells known as microglia from rodent models of Alzheimer’s disease, beta-amyloid plaques – the hallmark pathology of AD – never formed.

Released:
21-Aug-2019 12:50 PM EDT
Newswise: ‘Quantum Annealer’ Shows Promise in New Study

Article ID: 717725

‘Quantum Annealer’ Shows Promise in New Study

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

An international team of researchers has developed a new algorithm for solving equations using a type of quantum computer called a “quantum annealer.” The team systematically examined how this method scales when facing increasingly difficult mathematical equations, with promising results.

Released:
21-Aug-2019 6:05 AM EDT

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