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New dog, old tricks? Stray dogs can understand human cues

Frontiers

If you have a dog, hopefully you're lucky enough to know that they are highly attuned to their owners and can readily understand a wide range of commands and gestures. But are these abilities innate or are they exclusively learned through training?

Channels: Cognition and Learning, Pets, Psychology and Psychiatry, Staff Picks, All Journal News,

Released:
17-Jan-2020 1:40 PM EST
Newswise: 221872_web.jpg

Human-caused biodiversity decline started millions of years ago

University of Gothenburg

The human-caused biodiversity decline started much earlier than researchers used to believe. According to a new study published in the scientific journal Ecology Letters the process was not started by our own species but by some of our ancestors.

Channels: Environmental Science, Nature, Paleontology, Archaeology and Anthropology, History, Climate Science, Wildlife, Staff Picks, All Journal News,

Released:
17-Jan-2020 1:20 PM EST
Research Results
Newswise: UC San Diego-led Study Finds Close Evolutionary Proximity Between Microbial Domains in the ‘Tree of Life’

UC San Diego-led Study Finds Close Evolutionary Proximity Between Microbial Domains in the ‘Tree of Life’

University of California San Diego

A comprehensive analysis of 10,575 genomes as part of a multi-national study led by researchers at UC San Diego has revealed close evolutionary proximity between the microbial domains at the base of the tree of life, the branching pattern of evolution described by Charles Darwin more than 160 years ago in his book, On the Origin of Species.

Channels: All Journal News, Evolution and Darwin, Genetics, Microbiome, Supercomputing, Technology, Staff Picks, Nature (journal),

Released:
17-Jan-2020 1:15 PM EST
Research Results
Embargo will expire:
22-Jan-2020 1:00 PM EST
Released to reporters:
17-Jan-2020 1:00 PM EST

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Newswise: Human fetal lungs harbor a microbiome signature

Human fetal lungs harbor a microbiome signature

University of Alabama at Birmingham

The lungs and placentas of fetuses in the womb — as young as 11 weeks after conception — already show a bacterial microbiome signature, which suggests that bacteria may colonize the lungs well before birth. How the microbes or microbial products reach those organs before birth is not known.

Channels: All Journal News, Immunology, Microbiome, OBGYN, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Staff Picks,

Released:
17-Jan-2020 12:50 PM EST
Research Alert
Newswise: 221699_web.jpg
Released:
17-Jan-2020 11:05 AM EST
Research Results
Embargo will expire:
20-Jan-2020 11:00 AM EST
Released to reporters:
17-Jan-2020 11:00 AM EST

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Research Results
Newswise: Spider-Man-Style Robotic Graspers Defy Gravity

Spider-Man-Style Robotic Graspers Defy Gravity

American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Traditional methods of vacuum suction and previous vacuum suction devices cannot maintain suction on rough surfaces due to vacuum leakage, which leads to suction failure. Researchers Xin Li and Kaige Shi developed a zero-pressure difference method to enhance the development of vacuum suction units. Their method overcame leakage limitations by using a high-speed rotating water ring between the surface and suction cup to maintain the vacuum. They discuss their work in Physics of Fluids.

Channels: Artificial Intelligence, Materials Science, Physics, Technology, All Journal News, Staff Picks,

Released:
17-Jan-2020 10:50 AM EST
Research Results
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Acid reflux drugs may have negative side effects for breast cancer survivors

Ohio State University

Acid reflux drugs that are sometimes recommended to ease stomach problems during cancer treatment may have an unintended side effect: impairment of breast cancer survivors’ memory and concentration.

Channels: Cancer, Clinical Trials, Cognition and Learning, Digestive Disorders, Neuro, Pharmaceuticals, Women's Health, All Journal News, Staff Picks,

Released:
17-Jan-2020 10:25 AM EST
Research Results
Embargo will expire:
22-Jan-2020 8:00 AM EST
Released to reporters:
17-Jan-2020 10:00 AM EST

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