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Cognition and Learning

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Medicine

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ADHD, Attention Deficit And Hyperactivity Disorder, Education, Elementary Education, Teaching, Learning strategies, Psychology, Child Psychology, Curriculum, Instruction, Academic Performance, Kentucky

Helping Children with ADHD Thrive in the Classroom

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Nearly 15 percent of Kentucky children are currently diagnosed with ADHD, the highest rate in the nation. While medicine alone doesn't necessarily lead to improved academic performance in the long run, a new intervention developed by UK professors is aiming to do just that.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Social Psychology, Paranormal, paranormal belief, Conspiracy, Conspiracy Theories, Cognitive Ability, analytic cognitive style, Rationality, epistemic rationality, Psychology

High Cognitive Ability Not a Safeguard From Conspiracies, Paranormal Beliefs

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A University of Illinois at Chicago social psychologist reports on two studies that examined why some people are inclined to believe in various conspiracies and paranormal phenomena.

Science

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University of Vienna, Alice Auersperg, Cornelia Habl, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Goffin cockatoo, NUT, tool-use, cognitive biologists, Parrot

The Key to a Nut

The Goffin's cockatoo is not a specialised tool user in the wild but has shown the capacity to invent and use different types of tools in captivity. Now cognitive biologists from the University of Vienna and the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna tested these parrots in a tool use task, requiring the birds to move objects in relation to a surface. The animals had to choose the correct "key" to insert into a "keyhole" in a box, aligning its shape to the shape of a surface cutout inside the box during insertion. The parrots were not only able to select the correct key but also required fewer placement attempts to align simple shapes than primates in a similar study.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Psychology, Cognition, Vision, Object Recognition, Facial Recognition, IQ, Visual intelligence

Visual Intelligence Is Not the Same as IQ

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The first study of individual variation in visual ability has shown that there is a broad range of differences in people’s capability for recognizing and remembering novel objects and has determined that these variations are not associated with individuals’ general intelligence, or IQ.

Life

Education

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English Language Learners, Bilingual Students, Head Start, Academic Performance

Learning Two Languages Does Not Limit Academic Potential for Head Start Students

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Not all dual-language learners are at risk academically. A new Iowa State study found as dual-language learners gained English proficiency, they had significant growth in cognitive and academic development, eventually outperforming students who only spoke English.

Medicine

Science

Life

Business

Law and Public Policy

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Rural Health, Healthcare, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National 4-H Council, Appalachia, Health Disparities, Racial Disparities, Prevention, Health Policy

Closing the Rural Health Gap: Media Update from RWJF and Partners on Rural Health Disparities

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Rural counties continue to rank lowest among counties across the U.S., in terms of health outcomes. A group of national organizations including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National 4-H Council are leading the way to close the rural health gap.

Life

Education

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afterschool programs, Afterschool, After School Programs, NYU Steinhardt, NYU Institute for Human Development and Social Change

Afterschool Program Environments Linked to Academic Confidence and Skills

Afterschool programs with positive, responsive, and organized environments can have academic benefits for students, finds a new study by NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Medicine

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Children's Health, mental health and children , Pediatric Academic Societes

Study: Most U.S. Adults Say Today's Children Have Worse Health Prospects

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Less than one-third of adults believe that kids are physically healthier today compared to kids in their own childhoods and fewer than 25 percent think children's mental health status is better.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Parenting Advice, Parenting, Family

New Parenting Book Outlines the A-B-C’s and 1-2-3’s of Preparing Kids for College

From preparing for college to tackling the tough conversations that come with parenting, Professor Chris Palmer's new book offers easy to implement parenting advice for the 21st Century.

Medicine

Science

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BPA, prenatal bisphenol A, Brain Development, Gene Expression

Prenatal Exposure to BPA at ‘Safe’ Levels Can Affect Gene Expression in Developing Rat Brain

Prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) at levels below those currently considered safe for humans affects gene expression related to sexual differentiation and neurodevelopment in the developing rat brain.







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