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Social Science, Child Development

A ‘Touching Sight’: How Babies’ Brains Process Touch Builds Foundations for Learning

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A new study from the University of Washington Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) provides one of the first looks inside the infant’s brain to show where the sense of touch is processed — not just when a baby feels a touch to the hand or foot, but when the baby sees an adult’s hand or foot being touched, as well. Researchers say these connections help lay the groundwork for the developmental and cognitive skills of imitation and empathy.

Medicine

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Cochlear Implants, Deaf Children, Machine Learning, Language acquisition, MRI scan

Brain Imaging Predicts Language Learning in Deaf Children

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In a new international collaborative study between The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago, researchers created a machine learning algorithm that uses brain scans to predict language ability in deaf children after they receive a cochlear implant. This study’s novel use of artificial intelligence to understand brain structure underlying language development has broad reaching implications for children with developmental challenges. It was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.

Science

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Long-term Memory, Cognition, arc, Viruses, Brain Plasticity, Retroviruses, Retrotransposons

Surprise: A Virus-Like Protein is Important for Cognition and Memory

A protein involved in cognition and storing long-term memories looks and acts like a protein from viruses. The protein, called Arc, has properties similar to those that viruses use for infecting host cells, and originated from a chance evolutionary event that occurred hundreds of millions of years ago.

Science

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Northwestern University, Ecology, Native Americans, Children, Research

Researchers Offer New Evidence on 4-Year-Old Children’s Knowledge About Ecology

New research reveals ecological knowledge in 4-year-old children from urban Native American, rural Native American and urban non-Native American communities.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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perfect, generations, irrational

Perfectionism Among Young People Significantly Increased Since 1980s, Study Finds

WASHINGTON -- The drive to be perfect in body, mind and career among today’s college students has significantly increased compared with prior generations, which may be taking a toll on young people’s mental health, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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eggs, Nutrition, Health, Child Nutrition

Eggs Improve Biomarkers Related to Infant Brain Development

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Feeding eggs to infants could provide them with key nutrients for better brains. A study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis finds infants who were in introduced to eggs beginning at 6 months showed significantly higher blood concentrations of choline, other biomarkers in choline pathways, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

Medicine

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Brain Lesions, Crime, acquired sociopathy

Brain Lesions and Criminal Behavior Linked to Moral Decision-Making Network

When brain lesions occur within the brain network responsible for morality and value-based decision-making, they can predispose a person toward criminal behavior, according to new research by Ryan Darby, MD, assistant professor of Neurology at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC).

Medicine

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Temple Hospital , Temple University, University, Canola Oil, Alzheimber's Disease, Alzheimer, Research, Study, North Philadelphia, Temple Health, Philly, Philadelphia

Canola Oil Linked to Worsened Memory and Learning Ability in Alzheimer's Disease, Temple Researchers Report

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Canola oil is one of the most widely consumed vegetable oils in the world, yet surprisingly little is known about its effects on health.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Child Welfare, child neglect, Child Protective Services, Social Work, Child Maltreatment, Child Abuse, Poverty, Domestic Violence, emotional regulation, Brain Development In Children, Cognitive Development

Study Suggests Social Workers Lack Tools to Identify Potential Chronic Child Neglect

Neglect accounts for the majority of all child protection cases in the United States, yet child welfare workers lack effective assessment tools for identifying the associated risk and protective factors of chronic neglect. The ineffective assessments are often the result of using instruments that are not specifically designed to include elements predicting chronic neglect, according to a new study by a University at Buffalo research team.

Medicine

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Nitric Oxide, CVD-preventive measures, CVD, Women's Health, Nathan Bryan, Ph.D., Felice Gersh, Ernst Schwarz, David Lefer, Age-related Diseases, Anti-aging medicine, nitric oxide function, Cardiovacular Disease, post-menopausal women, cognitive health, Sexual Function, Eriticle , eritile dysfunction, Hypertension, A4M Annual World Congress

Clinicians Who Ignore Nitric Oxide (NO) Function Put Their Patients at Risk

Dr. Nathan Bryan, Baylor College of Medicine and one of the leading experts in nitric oxide biochemistry and physiology said today, “healthcare providers, especially those helping patients with cardiovascular issues and age-related disease, are not using perhaps the most important ‘tool’ in their ‘toolbox,’ restoring nitric oxide function. Bryan organized and chaired a full day workshop on the Clinical Applications of Nitric Oxide held during the 25th American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine World Congress.







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